Rules

Rules

An overview of the rules and principles that govern the Red Bull Air Race World Championship
The Red Bull Air Race World Championship is an international series of races. The objective is for pilots, in their single-engine, piston raceplanes to navigate an aerial racetrack featuring air-filled pylons in the fastest possible time incurring as few penalties as possible.

Pilots can win World Championship points at each race and the pilot with the most points after the last race of the season becomes the Red Bull Air Race World Champion.

THE RED BULL AIR RACE WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP

The Red Bull Air Race World Championship is an international series of races with the participation of at least eight pilots at each race. The objective is to navigate an aerial racetrack featuring air-filled pylons in the fastest possible time incurring as few penalties as possible.

Pilots can win World Championship points at each race and the pilot with the most points after the last race of the season becomes the Red Bull Air Race World Champion.

THE CHALLENGER CUP

In 2014, the Challenger Cup was conceived to help the next generation of pilots develop the skills needed for potential advancement to the Master Class.

The Challenger Cup is the second competition category in the Red Bull Air Race and is designed to build on a pilot's existing experience. The pilots will fly at the same locations as the Master Class pilots but sometimes will race a simpler track configuration. Each pilot will fly five races in the 2019 season.

Race format

Master class

The Red Bull Air Race consists of the following flying sessions: Free Practice, Qualifying, Round of 14, Round of 8, Final 4. In all sessions, only one pilot races in the track at a time.

マスタークラス:レースフォーマット

予選

1日目:予選

予選は決勝レース日の前日に行われる。パイロット1名につき2フライトセッションが義務づけられており、ベストタイムを記録したフライトが公式記録となる。予選結果が決勝レース日初戦、ラウンド・オブ・14の組み合わせを決める。

パイロット14
パイロット13
パイロット12
パイロット11
パイロット10
パイロット9
パイロット8
パイロット7
パイロット6
パイロット5
パイロット4
パイロット3
パイロット2
パイロット1

ラウンド・オブ・14

2日目:決勝レース

Takes place on Race Day. This flying session is completed in head-to-head heats; the seven winners plus the Fastest Loser move forward to the Round of 8. The head-to-head pairings are based on the Qualifying session results.

ヒート1

10th Qualifying

予選5位

ヒート2

11th Qualifying

予選4位

ヒート3

9th Qualifying

予選6位

ヒート4

12th Qualifying

予選3位

ヒート5

8th Qualifying

7th Qualifying

ヒート6

13th Qualifying

予選2位

ヒート7

14th Qualifying

予選1位

ラウンド・オブ・8

2日目:決勝レース

ラウンド・オブ・14の勝者7名と敗者最速1名の計8名が再び1対1のフライトセッションを行う。各ヒートの勝者4名がファイナル4へ進出する。ラウンド・オブ・8の組み合わせはラウンド・オブ・14のタイムを元にして決められる。ラウンド・オブ・8で敗退したパイロット4名にはタイム順で5位〜8位の最終順位が与えられる。

ヒート8

5th Fastest

4th Fastest

ヒート9

6th Fastest

3rd Fastest

ヒート10

7th Fastest

2nd Fastest

ヒート11

8th Fastest

1st Fastest

ファイナル4

2日目:決勝レース

ファイナル4では、ラウンド・オブ・8の勝者4名が最終順位1位〜4位を争う。パイロット4名はラウンド・オブ・8と同じ順番でフライトする。ひとりずつのフライトとなり、最速タイムを記録したパイロットが優勝する。

ヒート8勝者
ヒート9勝者
ヒート10勝者
ヒート11勝者
Challenger class

For the 2019 season six Challenger Class pilots will compete at each race and each pilot will fly in five races over the season.

チャレンジャークラス:レースフォーマット

Scoring

Master Class

For the first time since 2010, points will be awarded in Qualifying: three points for the fastest, two for second place, and one for third. In addition, pilots will continue to receive Race Day points according to their final placement, but the allotment has changed, and bonus points will be added for advancing through the rounds (five points for advancement to the Round of 8 and three points for advancing to the Final 4). Given that the 2018 World Champion has been decided by five points or less in the past two seasons, these extra scoring opportunities could be crucial, and the new scheme is sure to shake up strategies.

Qualifying

 PLACE   POINTS
1st   3
2nd   2
3rd   1

Race

 PLACE   POINTS
1st   25
2nd   22
3rd   20
4th   18
5th   14
6th   13
7th   12
8th    11
9th   5
10th   4
11th   3
12th   2
13th   1
14th   0

The race winner is the pilot who is ranked number one in the final flying session of a race.

The Red Bull Air Race World Champion is the Master Class pilot who achieves the highest aggregate score in the given Red Bull Air Race World Championship season. The winner is crowned at the last stop in the World Championship.

Challenger class

Challenger Cup points are awarded after each race, and will help determine the winner of the Challenger Cup at the end of the season. The points system is as follows:

 PLACE   POINTS
1st   10
2nd   8
3rd   6
4th   4
5th   2
6th   0

Six Challenger Class pilots will take part at each event in the race calendar. Each pilot will compete in five races throughout the season. The pilot with the most points at the end of the season will be crowned the Challenger Cup Champion.

Race Rules

Failure to fly the course within the rules will result in penalty seconds or disqualification. Here are some of the more frequently broken rules. To learn more about the race rules of Red Bull Air Race, watch the video below.

OVER G
Penalty incurred when a pilot exceeds 11G, but was under 12G for a Master Class pilot, or under 11G for a Challenger Class pilot.
+ 1 Second

EXCEEDING MAXIMUM G
Incurred when a Master Class pilot reaches 12G, or when a Challenger Class pilot reaches 11G.
DNF (Did Not Finish)

EXCEEDING START SPEED LIMIT
Incurred when the pilot exceeds the entry speed of 200kts through the Start Gate. For exceeding by under 1.99kts it’s 1 seconds penalty, otherwise a DNF.
+1 second / DNF

DEVIATION FROM THE COURSE
When the pilot deviates from the racetrack, the run is stopped.
DNF

WEIGHT PENALTY
Incurred when a pilot does not reach the minimum 696 kg weight requirement.
DQ (Disqualification)

PYLON HIT
Penalty incurred when any part of the raceplane touches a pylon.
1st pylon hit: + 3 seconds
2nd pylon hit: + 3 seconds
3rd pylon hit: DNF

INCORRECT LEVEL FLYING
Penalty incurred when flying through a gate at an angle, or climbing/sinking in the gate.
+ 2 second

INSUFFICIENT SMOKE
Penalty incurred if a raceplane isn’t producing smoke during the pilot’s run.
+ 1 second

FLYING TOO HIGH/LOW
Penalty incurred if flying above or below the flight window.
+ 2 seconds

INCORRECT VERTICAL TURNING MANOEUVRE
Penalty incurred when the pilot deviates from the briefed manoeuvre. If excessive, a DNF is incurred.
+ 1 Second /DNF

Pilots

Master class

For 2019, 14 pilots will take part in the Red Bull Air Race World Championship. Master Class pilots will have obtained their Master Class Super Licence, as issued by the Red Bull Air Race Committee.

Challenger class

A total of 12 pilots will compete in the Challenger Cup in 2019. Six Challenger Class pilots will take part at each event in the race calendar, with each flying five races throughout the season. The pilot with the most points at the end of the season will be crowned the Challenger Cup winner.

Becoming a Red Bull Air Race Pilot
New pilots who wish to participate in the World Championship must first fulfil the minimum criteria set by the Red Bull Air Race Committee, which include top achievements in international flying competitions organised by the FAI. They must also be active aerobatic air display pilots. Eligible pilots that prove their skills at the Red Bull Air Race Qualification Camp can achieve the Red Bull Air Race Challenger Class Super Licence. Once they have the Challenger Class Super Licence, they then qualify to take part in the Red Bull Air Race World Championship in the Challenger Cup.

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